Although the European Union has accepted that the term ‘Roma’ is generally acceptable in collectively describing all European Gypsies, there are many different groups which may have geographical/territorial associations and are ascribed and/or self-ascribed, for example: Vlach Rom, Rom, Kalderash, Manouche, Sinti, Tattare, Kaale, Cale, Lavari, Ursari, Boyhas and Luri.
These are the Gypsies who came to England this century – many arriving from Eastern Europe just before World War One, but many arrived later. These include the coppersmiths (kalderdash) whose grandparents arrived in the 1930s and Hungarian Gypsies many of whom arrived as refugees in 1956. Most of the Romani have settled into housing. Generally, a Romani language is spoken in the home. There have been recent arrivals in the form of refugees and asylum seekers from Romania, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.