This group have similar origins to Irish Travellers. Travelling metal workers were recorded in Scotland as early as the twelfth century. During the upheaval due to war and the land clearances in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, dispossessed people took to a nomadic way of life. Customs and beliefs of Scottish Gypsies tend to be similar to those of English Gypsies and Irish Travellers. Scottish Gypsies are recognised as a distinct minority ethnic group in their own right.